【綠色生活地圖圖示(Green Map System Icons)】

※ 所有Green Map System(GMS)圖示及標誌,只限綠色生活地圖使用

動物園的圖示      兒童休憩區的圖示      好視野的圖示

綠色生活地圖最特別的是那些吸引人的圖示(icon)。這些圖示是來自於各個國家,基於不同文化的背景所產出。

一個圖示代表一種綠色景點類別,有些圖示標示出我們可以去親近、去維護的地方,例如人文自然的景點;

有些圖示標示出需要我們去關心、去監督,例如污染源。

這些圖示可以幫助我們將各項資訊分門別類,有系統地做紀錄會整。

區分 圖示 中文 英文

原文定義




農夫市集 Farmers market Have regionally and organically grown produce. Some have other farm produce, such as flowers, hand crafted items, baked goods, wine, wool, even regional cookbooks. Farmers markets and small family farms are kept going, and the countryside remains green, plus the food doesn't have to travel far, so it's nice and fresh. You can experience the changing of the season as each new crop takes its turn showing up at the market. It's often very neighborly at farmers markets, too.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

有當地生產的,有機的產品。有些還有其他的農產品,例如花卉、手工藝品、烘烤的食物、酒類、羊毛,甚至有地方特色的食譜。農夫市集及小型家庭農場持續在運作,農村因而常保綠色;食物不須運送到很遠,故又好又新鮮。當季的食物不斷在市場中替換,你可以體驗到四季的變化,在農夫市集裡你也常會有非常親切的感覺。

生態/有機農場 Eco-agricultural site A full-size organic farm or small-scale city farm. Can be used to indicate organizations that make the link between urban communities and nearby farmers through Community-Supported Agriculture (also known as Box schemes), agri-schools or food security resources, such as food banks.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

規模完整的有機農場或是小型的都市農場。可以用來表示連結都市社區和鄰近農村經濟活動的社區互助農業(註:CSA,也被稱為「盒裝計畫」Box Scheme, 當地農場定期向其訂戶派送應季蔬果,訂戶付固定費用,可選擇蔬果的種類),農校,或食品供應資源,如食品銀行等(註;食品銀行是將餐廳/食品店剩餘的或快過期的食物送給需要的人)

有機食品店 Organic produce / natural food Grown without pesticides or synthetic fertilizers, and no chemicals or waxes are added after harvesting either. If processed, it is usually prepared in a way to maximize the nutritional value to those who eat it. Organic produce, prepared food, dairy & meat is becoming more popular and easier to get all the time. Some natural food places include fair trade practices in their definition of ecological foods. Some supermarkets have a few kinds of organic vegetables amidst a large selection of conventionally grown produce. Should this store get the organic food Icon? You have to decide.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

不使用殺蟲劑和合成肥料種植,在收成之後也不添加化學劑或上臘。如果有加工,通常也只是為了要提升食物的營養價值。有機產品、調配好的食物、乳製品和肉類都變得越來越受歡迎,人們也可以在更多的地方買得到。一些有機食品店會把「公平交易」(註: 抵制一些產品因為壓低工資而以低售價對其他國家傾銷, 促使勞工可以獲得合理待遇, 這尤其會發生在第三世界國家中)也列在生態食品的定義裡。有些超市會在一大堆傳統種植的產品中推出一些有機蔬菜,這些商店是否算是「有機食品店」?你必須自己作決定。

素食/
自然食品餐廳
Vegetarian / natural cafe The local context for natural needs to be set, but everywhere, the emphasis is on wholesomeness and healthful eating of fresh foods. Perhaps the ingredients are organic, and vegan foods (no animal products whatsoever) are served. The meats come from animals that are "free-range" and ethically treated. Some cities include cooperative owned cafes and a wide range of ethnic cuisines in this category.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

本地的製圖者需要對「自然食品」做定義,但通則在於強調既衛生又健康的新鮮食物。他們的材料或許是有機產品,或是只提供素食。肉類則是來自放養的動物 。有些城市把合作社餐館和許多民族特色食物也列在內。

綠色商業與
服務
Green business /
Service
The last 5 items listed with the examples above fit into this category. Balance with resources that help businesses become greener, and organizations that refer inquirers to good businesses. You can create a strict criteria like Oakland, California, or use a softer approach to selecting businesses. You can leave them off and let the community discussion help to decide what to include in the next edition.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

倒數前述五項都符合這項分類,同時包括協助商業經營更綠化的資源提供者,以及推薦優良商家給詢問者的機構組織。可以參考美國加州奧克蘭市所訂的嚴格選取標準,或採用較寬鬆的標準。或者也可以留待社區討論結果再來決定。

完全綠色商店 Strictly green store Has only eco and conserving products. Now, you may not agree that 100% of them are truly a big improvement, but the intention, method of production, materials, reductions of impacts in use, store policies and so on, are all going in the right direction

------------------------------------------------------------------------

店中只有生態的,環保的產品。目前,你可能並不同意百分之百綠色產品是一種很大的改進;但,他們在理念、生產的方式、原料、減少使用過程中對環境的損害、商店的政策等等,都正走上正確的方向。

綠色/環保商店  Green /
conserving products
Likely to have a few ecological and conserving products among many that are conventional. These stores may have a special display that explains the green goods' advantages. In fact, you may want to mention the eco-display (or products) specifically (on your database or on the Map itself). In Calgary, Green Product selection was based on the following criteria; necessity of product, safe to use, quality, made from renewable or recycled materials, has responsible packaging, included information on manufacturing practices, options for disposal, whether it is locally produced and consideration of overall business practices.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

通常是在很多傳統產品中,有一些生態的、環保的產品。這些商店可能會有特殊的陳列來解釋綠色商品的優點。你可能會想要在資料庫或地圖本身特別提到這些生態產品的陳列。在Calgary,「綠色/環保產品」是以下面的要點選擇:產品的必要性、使用安全性、品質,是由可再生的或是回收的材料製造,負責任的包裝,包括有關製造過程的說明,處置方式,是否由當地製造,以及考量整體經營方式。

社會公益商店 Fair trade /
Social shop
This "light green" category includes somewhat green and socially responsible products and policies, but doesn't offer many things that "go all the way". Fair trade and social workshop stores can use this Icon. Look closely at the shop's products, ask questions and decide the right category with your Team. Maybe it's cosmetics promoted as natural and socially responsible, but yet the brightly-colored petrochemical-based products don't really have many eco-advantages. Maybe the store has a nature theme, but has too many plastic novelties mixed in with the educational stuff. Consider adding your definition with this Icon.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

這種類別的商店是「淡綠色」的,包括一些可算是綠色和帶有社會責任的產品以及政策,但並不見得「從裡到外」都是綠色的。公平交易(註: 抵制一些產品因為壓低工資而以低售價對其他國家傾銷, 促使勞工可以獲得合理待遇, 這尤其會發生在第三世界國家中)以及社會公益商店可以使用這個圖示。仔細看店內的產品,問問題,再與小組成員決定適當的分類。 也許他們的化妝品強調是自然的,社會責任的,但是高彩度,石油化學品為底的產品並不是真的有益生態。也許這間店是以自然為主題,但是有太多塑膠的小東西和文具混在一起。可考慮在這類圖示上加入自己的定義。





文化場所  Cultural site These contribute to the city's environment and sense of place in many important ways. Non-institutional resources, monuments and places, even temporary events (monthly swap meet, annual eco-fair) may be included.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

這些對都市環境及該地特色具多方面的貢獻。不隸屬於學校、醫院、教會等的公共團體,紀念館和一些場所,甚至短期的活動(如每月意見交換會議、每年生態展)均可包含。

博物館 Museums /
institution
These are either entirely about nature's interconnections with urban culture, or frequently include the environment in programs and exhibitions. You may opt to limit your selection to those featuring sustainable ways of living, social responsibility or other locally relevant criterion.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

它們可以是完全關於自然與都市文化的聯結,或經常性地舉辦有關環境的活動與展覽。你也可以縮小範圍到專注於永續生活方式、社會責任,和其他相關地方議題的機關。

藝術場所 Art spot Ecologically oriented artworks, may include earthworks, public art or performance art, or other. May be resources for making eco art that is sustainably produced, information on events or schools related to environmental art.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

以生態取向的藝術作品,包含地景藝術作品、公共藝術或表演藝術以及其他。也可以是採用符合永續原則製作生態藝術的機構團體,或和環境藝術有關的學校。

音樂表演空間 World music May include folk, participatory, ethnic, improvisation, classical, jazz, as interpreted locally. A place to listen and to play music.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

可包括民謠、即興創作、民族音樂,古典、爵士,由各地自行解釋。是一個供欣賞及演奏音樂的地方。

史蹟 Historical feature Edifice, institution, monument or unmarked historical area with special significance to the city's environment and sense of place.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

對該城市環境及特色有特殊意義,如:宏偉建築物、機構、紀念館或未標示的歷史地區。

傳統生活區域 Traditional way of life May be indigenous, pioneer or migrated peoples' traditions. Might not be assimilated into prevailing culture. May be resources for learning about or visiting people living in traditional, more self-sufficient ways.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

可能是原住民、拓荒先驅,或是移民者的傳統。也許是沒有被強勢文化所同化的。也可以提供學習及拜訪以傳統較自給自足的方式生活的人民。

生態設計景觀 Ecodesign /
planning feature
Exciting design features including public transport stations, plazas, integrated native plantings and street furniture such as kiosks, benches, fountains, or lighting that use materials and energy efficiently, contributing to the streetscape. Can indicate an area planned to be ecologically sound.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

令人驚喜的設計,含括大眾運輸車站、廣場,結合當地植物,及有效率地運用材質及能源製造的街道物(如亭子、長凳、噴水池及街燈等),來形成街景。可以指出有生態深度規劃的區域。

綠色建築 Eco building Are made with responsible materials and building systems, and often give public tours emphasizing negative impact reductions (regularly scheduled or by appointment). May include centers for energy efficiency and understanding environmental systems for buildings.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

由有生態相關建材與建築工法建造而成,而且通常開放給大眾參觀,強調降低負面衝擊(有固定參觀時間或需預約)。可以包括能源節約中心,及有提供了解建築物環境系統。

(社區)歷史/特色建築 Significant building Of great importance, generally, to the community. Sites that impart a sense of place. Co-housing, natural buildings and schools, or buildings with historic, cultural, architectural value could also be included.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

一般而言,是對社區具重要意義的建築物,傳達一個地方的意義。共同住宅、自然建築及學校或具有歷史、文化、建築價值者均可含括。

自建傳統住屋  Shanty town /
Self built house
Can represent shanty towns or favelas that form in urban areas to house low-income people, or earth-built homes of natural materials such as adobe, straw. This home-made housing often reuses building materials.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

這主要是指當地居民以傳統方式建造的房屋。他們往往就地取材(土坯或稻草)--節約資源,設計上充分利用了當地的地理環境--節約能源。雖然在城市地區,往往是略貧困的人們住在那堙A但我們的著眼點是它對環境友善的一面。這個icon源自巴西的favela,還可以包括墨西哥風格的adobe房子,但不包括臨時性的簡易活動房屋。

生態設計補給站 Eco design resource A source for the best materials and supplies for sustainable building, landscape, graphic, product, fashion and other kinds of designers. May be an organization for information, or a place to gather natural materials, a store, exchange center or showroom. Simply may be a place where you can draw inspiration from natural systems.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

提供最好的材料及補給品,以供應從事永續的建築、地景、平面設計、產品、服裝等等類別的設計師。可以是一個提供資訊的組織,或是一處集合自然材料的地方,或一家店、交換中心或是展示間。也可以是一個你可以從大自然中得到靈感的地方。

兒童適宜區 Child friendly eco-site An environmentally-engaging area that is safe and accessible to children. Our thanks to kids in Calgary Canada for designing this icon.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

一個和環境緊密結合,並且可以讓孩子安全地使用的地區。感謝加拿大Calgary孩童所設計的圖示。 

老人適宜區 Senior friendly site An area where people with walking difficulties will enjoy being with nature. May include areas where one can rest as well as walk.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

讓不良於行的人都能享受自然的地方。包括能休息又能散步的區域。

心靈靜思區 Eco-spiritual site Places to contemplate nature or spiritual pursuit, may be an organized religion's sanctuary or environmental program, or a profoundly beautiful place, even an old cemetery or 'oasis of calm' in a busy area.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

可供思索自然及精神追求的地方,可以是宗教聖堂、環境課程,或有深度美的地方,甚或是一處舊公墓、或是一個繁忙區中的「平靜綠洲」。




太陽能設施/服務 Solar energy site Places where you can see solar panels, passive solar examples and wind generators, and perhaps get information about them. Includes solar energy shops and contractors, government and utility company sites.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

可以看見太陽能板,合陽技術/被動太陽能利用/消極性太陽能利用範例及風力產生器的地方,或許也可從這裡獲得相關資訊。包括太陽能源商店及承包商、政府及公用事業公司的地點。

風力設施/服務 Wind energy site   Wind turbines and windmills harness energy that is generated by the wind on this site. Can be a small system that operates a simple pump or a large electricity generating facility. Can indicate wind power information resources.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

利用現地風力的作用使風力渦輪機及風車產生能源。可以作d推動一小型系統的動力來源或是大的發電設施。可以表示提供風力能源資訊的相關機構。

再生技術設施 Renewable technology site For example, hydrogen mines, biomass generation, or an industrial ecology park, research, related agencies and perhaps funding sources. Technology focused on zero emissions and sustainability.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

例如:氫能、生物質能,或工業生態公園、研究、相關管理處及資金來源,科技著重於零排放及永續性。

水回收系統 Water recycling system Using plants and aquatic animals to aerate, filter and purify water, without adding chemicals. There are many kinds of high and low tech water recycling systems in the built environment, check with your department of environmental protection for more information.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

利用植物和水生動物來供氧、淨化水,不添加化學物質。在現存的建築人造環境中,有許多高科技或低技術的水回收系統,可以向你們的環境保護部門查詢更多的資訊。

生物復育區 Bioremediation site Places where natural method of recovery such as plants, animals, reconstructed wetlands and moving water are used to clean up contaminated or polluted waterways. A growing number of techniques are being used in cities to use natural systems to purify tainted areas.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

使用自然方法復原的地區。例如以植物、動物、人工溼地以及流動的水來清潔受污染的水道。有愈來愈多的技術被發展出來,以便在城市裡用自然系統來淨化被污染地區。

堆肥區 Composting Site where food scraps, leaves and garden trimmings are turned into rich new soil, with the help of worms, containment bins and Mother Nature. Large-scale or demonstration project, information and resources for home and garden composting. May include drop-off site for food scraps, or good place to buy locally produced compost. May be run by the city or a separate group.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

此處為以剩餘食物、落葉及花園修剪餘枝葉,放入容器中,在大自然(包括小蟲及細菌)的作用下,腐爛變質成為新的肥沃土壤。可以是大規模的堆肥廠,也可以是小型的示範計畫,以及提供家庭和農園堆肥資訊與資源的地方。也可包含剩菜飯、食物棄置地點,或是可買到當地堆肥的地方。可以是由市政府或個別團體經營。

二手店/跳蚤市場 Reuse site
Second-hand shops, flea markets, repair shops, materials exchanges. Decide whether all second-hand shops should be included, or only those run by a charity. You can select the top ten, or choose another criterion for inclusion. Significant reused buildings and other examples of reuse can be included.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

二手貨商店、跳蚤市場、修理店及以物易物。要決定是否所有的二手店均包含在內,或只包含那些由慈善機構經營的店。可選擇前十家店或以另一種標準來選擇。重要的翻修後再使用的建築物及其他再利用例子也可以包含在內。

環境復育區 Remediated
(cleaned up) site
Have been cleaned up and are ready for natural systems to take over, or to be re-developed. In the US, brownfields (land either contaminated by toxics, or perceived to be) programs are putting remediated industrial lands back to work, often in economic re-development zones (where people need jobs). Can include sites where the cleanup is in progress. Your text could include action taken, health and timing details.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

已被清理過,而且已準備好回歸自然,或要重新開發的區域。在美國,褐地(brownfields,已經或可能被有毒物質污染的土地)計畫是將被有毒物質汙染的地區,復育後重新使用。通常是在經濟重整區域(工作需求量大),也可以包括正在復育的地區。你的文字描述中可以包括所採取的行動、健康危害程度和時間表等細節。

生態潛力區 Re-development opportunity site Areas which are well-located to be regenerated for a new ecologically-sound use. Might currently be a blight site, paved over or even in use, but has the potential to be a wonderful addition to the community and environment.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

位於非常好的地點可以重新改變成為一個新的生態區。目前也許是凋敝區(註:見後面”環境污染源”類別裡的註解),以水泥鋪面覆蓋,或仍在使用;但是有潛力成為社區/環境中絕佳的生態點。


環境資訊中心 Eco-information center Places to visit where you get environmental information of all kinds, will often mail materials, as well. They direct you towards sustainable and conserving green sites, services and resources.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

你可以參訪並獲得各種環境資訊的地方;他們通常也會郵寄資料。他們會指導你找到永續和保育的綠色景點、服務和資源。

綠色電話諮詢服務 Info resources by phone You can call for resources, references, and other eco information. Can be a hotline with recorded messages, or knowledgeable source you can query directly.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

你可以撥電話詢問資料,參考及其他生態資訊。 

綠色資訊網站 Info resources online Web addresses (or links) to good local information on the internet, or at an info kiosk.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

在網際網路上可以獲得充分的當地資訊的網址(或連結),或可以上網取得相關信息的地方。

環保中心 Environmental center May be in city parks, in schools, or stand by itself. Comes in all sizes and may be concerned with a single issue or provide an overview. Of interest to adults and/or children.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

可能位於市立公園內,學校裡,或是獨立存在。規模大小不居,可能只專注於一個議題,或是提供一個概觀。可吸引成人和/或兒童的興趣。

圖書館/ 環境學習中心 Environmental school   Can range from intensive "magnet" programs that are part of regular public school system or university, to offering one-time environmental workshops and lectures offered to the public. Could be a hand-on learning center or technical school.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

課程範圍有彈性,可以從密集課程(一般公立學校系統或大學的部份課程 ),到一次性的研習會和演講。這可以是可動手操作的學習中心,或是技術學校。

社區中心
 
Community center A place where clubs, meetings and social gatherings involving the whole community are held. May be a formalized community center, or one established through common use.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

社區中舉行俱樂部,會議,和社交集會的地方。可以是一個正式的社區中心,或是一個經常使用的地方。

生態旅遊服務 Green tour available Take place indoors and out, detailing the environmental features at the site and how to protect them. Sometimes these are self-guided, but usually there is a tour leader.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

在室內或室外舉行,詳細說明景點的生態特性以及如何保護它。有時是自助導覽,但通常有領隊。

生態旅遊點 Eco-tourist destination Sites of special interest to visitors, or people who want to engage in hometown eco-tourism. May include green hotels or other ecologically sensitive accommodations, the most eco-efficient ways to get in and out of the city, eco-tour info, and other sustainable practices for visitors.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

對於觀光客,或是想要參與家鄉生態旅遊的民眾,有特別吸引力的景點。可以包括綠色旅館或其他生態敏感的宿處,以及最有益生態的進、出城的路線,生態旅遊資訊,或其他針對觀光客的永續學習。

環保組織 Significant organization Might be socially responsible non-profit or educational group, club or advocacy group that contribute to local environment in important ways.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

可以是有社會責任的非營利或教育團體、俱樂部,倡議團體等,對地方環境有重要貢獻者。

社會/政治關懷團體 Social /
Political resources
 Services and offices that help individuals (such as a foodbank that helps prevent waste of food), or for society to develop environmentally sound policies and practices. Alternative and governmental agencies, grass roots organizations, trade organizations and political parties, or non-profit social services, environmental justice and native rights organizations.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

為幫助個人而設的服務措施和機關(例如食品銀行幫助防止浪費食物),或是為協助社會制定對環境有利政策和業務的機構。包括非政府和政府機構、草根組織、貿易組織、政黨、非營利社會服務,以及維護受環境危害的弱勢群體及原住民權益的組織。

自然/民俗療法 Alternative health resources Alternative medicine sources, herbal, homeopathic, eastern, etc. Spas, apothecaries, clinics, health club, nutritional and yoga are possible examples.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

提供草藥的、類似療法的、東方式療法等等的另類醫療資源。可能的例子有: 水療浴場,藥材行,診所,健康中心,營養中心和瑜伽等。

科學/環境研究機關 Scientific /
Research site
Centers for natural sciences, environmental studies and related sciences and technologies. May be indoors or out.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

為自然科學、環境研究,以及相關科學和科技所設立的中心。可以是室內或室外。

污染監測站 Pollution monitor  Publicly displays the level of pollutants present in the air or water.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

公開顯示空氣或水的污染程度。

抗議地點 Protest point Places where people consistently gather or post messages to respond to official political actions and decisions. May not all be related directly to environment - can be social, historic or cultural protest point. In New York, for example, there's a protest point right in front of the United Nations headquarters.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

民眾經常聚集或張貼意見,以表達對公共政策決定的看法的地點。抗議主題也許不完全與環保直接有關-可以是社會、歷史或文化的抗議地點。例如,在紐約,有個抗議地點是在聯合國總部前面。



/

鳥類和野生動物觀察區 Bird and wildlife watching Animals in the wild, using their instincts to thrive. Sites may be delicate nesting areas or habitats, so Green Maps should stress that people to approach with care and understanding. Officially recognized sites as well as locally-known sites could be accompanied by 'rules' for viewing, and details on the species you might see.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

動物在荒野中,以本能來繁衍。這些區域也許是脆弱的築巢和棲息地,所以「綠色生活地圖」應強調大家要以關心和了解的態度來接近它。不論是正式被認可的觀察區,或是地方性的觀察區,都必須包含觀察’守則’,以及可能看到的物種的細節。

重要棲息地 Significant habitat Notable wildlife habitat or natural area which may be rare or especially beautiful and rich. Be careful here not to upset the delicate balance. May have resources, for example, for turning your lawn back into a prairie, or for encouraging native animals to flourish. Could include aquatic habitat. Map should include details on the sensitivity of the areas.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

有名的野生動物棲息地或是自然的區域,它們可能很稀有,或特別美,特別豐富。小心不要破壞了此地細緻的平衡。也許此處會提供一些相關資訊,例如將你家的草坪回復為自然草原,或助長本土動物在此繁衍。也包括水生棲息地。地圖中要仔細說明這地區的(生態)敏感性。

水岸棲息地 Coastal habitat Places along the water's edge where wildlife congregates. Wildlife of any kind may be in or above the water, on the shore or on adjacent land.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

沿著水邊有野生動物聚集的地方。野生動物種類不拘,可以是生活在水中或水上,在沿岸或鄰接的土地。(註: 不止是海,也可以包括大型的淡水湖,像五大湖)

水域棲息地 Marine habitat This includes fresh and salt water ecosystems, and the many kinds of wildlife that flourish in the water.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

這包括淡水和鹹水的生態系統,水中有各種豐富的野生動物。

兩棲類
棲息地
Amphibian habitat Areas that are typical viewing sites for frogs, newts and other amphibious creatures, which are indicators of a pond or wetlands' health status.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

典型的觀察蛙類、蠑螈,或其他兩棲類生物的地點,它同時也是池塘或濕地的健康狀況的指示物種。

昆蟲觀察區 Insect watching site Good areas to view insects and bugs as they fly or crawl through life.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

可以來觀察昆蟲,爬蟲的飛行或爬行的良好地點。

野生動物資訊/復育中心
 
Wildlife info /
Rehab center
Is where injured or orphaned wild animals are nursed back to health before they are returned to the wild. Volunteers are often needed to help care for and inform the public about the wildlife.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

受傷的、或是孤兒野生動物可以在此被撫育到恢復健康,再放回荒野。通常需要義工來幫忙照顧並且告知大眾相關知識。

動物園 Zoo & wildlife center Places to see animals collected and cared-for by humans. Animals may not be indigenous, they may come from the wild or may have been born in the zoo. Some zoos have habitats for breeding endangered species, and other bio-diversity programs. Generally, the animals are not free to leave cages or protection area. May be small "petting" zoo for children or large scale wildlife park where the animals live under more natural conditions.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

在這地方,人們可以看到被蒐集的、被人類照顧的動物。這些動物可能不是本地的,可能來自野外或在動物園內出生。有些動物園具備哺育瀕臨絕種動物的棲地,和其他生物多樣性課程。一般來說,動物不能自由的離開牢籠或保護區。可以是孩子的小小寵物園,或是讓動物居住在較自然環境中的大規模野生動物公園。

水鳥觀察區 Duck pond Places where ducks, geese, and other friendly waterfowl gather. In cities, often a good place to watch and feed the birds. In the wild, just enjoy their water ballet.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

這裡聚集了鴨、鵝和其他友善的水鳥。在城市中,通常是觀看和餵食鳥類的好地方。在野外,就盡情享受它們的水上芭蕾舞吧!

家畜/家禽 Farm animals Some cities have gardens with chickens and rabbits, there may be a city farm or even a barn for police horses (good place to get manure for composting). Calgary suggests: consider how the animals are kept and treated, as well as what they are used for, before you put them on the Map.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

有些城市有花園飼養雞和兔子,或是有市立農場,甚至有給警馬住的馬廄(可以收集馬糞用來製造堆肥的好地方)。Calgary建議在你把它們放在地圖上之前,不只考量其用途,應一併考量動物居處環境和被對待的方式。

溜狗區
 
Dog run Designated places where dogs can be taken off their leases, usually in city parks. Often the only place you can see animals romping and frolicking in dense cities

------------------------------------------------------------------------

通常是在市立公園內有一個指定的地方,可以解開狗鏈讓牠們自由活動。在擁擠的城市中,這常常是唯一的地方,你可以看到動物在跑跑跳跳的嬉戲。

鳥類飛越區 Fly-over zone Good places to watch flocks of birds overhead. May also be used to indicate prevailing direction of birds' seasonal migrations if regular flight pattern is established.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

是欣賞群鳥從頭頂飛過的好地方。當候鳥固定的飛行模式建立起來後,可以用來指出鳥兒們季節遷移的方向。



/

公共森林/自然區域 Public forests /Natural area Publicly-owned and accessible to all. A wide variety of natural areas can use this symbol. Balance your emphasis of forests with parklands to discourage the over-use of natural areas.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

公有的、大家都可進入的。這個圖示可以使用的範圍很廣。用強調「森林」的方式來和公園做區分,以免自然資源被濫用。

公園/休憩區 Parklands /Recreation area Green spaces that offer places to relax and play. May include sports fields, running paths, canoe rental, or children's play equipment, along with vegetation and a pond, creek or other water feature. Some parklands may be publicly-owned and free, others might be private and charge admission.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

提供人們休息和玩耍的綠色空間。可能包括運動場地、慢跑路線、獨木舟出租處,或兒童遊戲設施;也包括花草樹木、池塘、小溪或其他水體等。有些公園可能是公家免費的,有些則可能是私人的,需要買門票進入。

特別的樹 Special tree Trees that have historical importance, or are especially beautiful, large, old or rare. May be old growth, virgin trees (never cut by humans), ancient, sacred or medicinal trees or native plants. Could be indoors.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

一些有重要歷史價值的樹,或特別美、特別大、特別老、或稀有的樹。也許是原始林(不曾被砍伐的)、古老的、神聖的、藥用的樹,或本土植物。也可能是長在室內。

春花 Spring blossoms Are especially beautiful and bountiful in this area.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

在這地區中,長得特別美麗或繁盛的花。

秋葉  Autumn leaves Are especially beautiful and bountiful in this area.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

在此區中特別的美麗和豐碩。

竹林  Bamboo forest Bamboo of any variety, a forest of any size. A fast growing renewable resource of major benefit.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

任何一種竹子,任何大小的竹林都可以。是一種生長快速、可更新的重要資源。

林蔭大道 Shaded boulevard Are designed to be pleasant for walking and bicycle riding in hot climates.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

設計用來在熱天中,可以愉快的散步或騎腳踏車的道路。

本地典型物種區  Bio-regional site /
Indigenous plants
Places where connection to the topography or waterways of the larger region are evident/plants native to the bio-region. Text can discuss bio-regional boundaries in/near the Map's area. Could be a layer on a GIS map or the whole Green Map could be based on bio-regional boundaries instead of political limits.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

明顯和較大區域的地形或水系相關聯的地方/在該地方生物特色區的土生土長的植物。可以在圖示旁附加文字討論地方生物特色區的邊界線。可能是地理資訊系統地圖上的一個圖層,或者整個綠色生活地圖都可用典型本地物種區的邊界來分區,以取代一般的行政區域界線。

生物廊道 Wildlife corridor /
Greenways
Generally, places where interconnections between the natural and built environments are evident. Greenways often follow river or stream beds, ravines or steep hills, and are left in natural state (more or less). This Icon may indicate a wildlife corridor for ground-based animals, with native plants to shelter them.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

通常,這地方明顯的成為連接自然和人為環境的管道。綠色道路通常沿著河床或溪床,峽谷或陡峭的山,而且多少保留住自然的形態。這個圖示可以代表有原生植物遮蔽的、地棲野生動物的生物廊道。

花園 Garden
Generally, larger gardens that are maintained by public agencies or organizations instead of the community. May be indoors or outdoors. Calgary suggests indicating nature of the species in the garden, pesticide use or entrance fees.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

一般來說,大的花園都由政府機關或組織來維持,而不是由社區來維護。可以是室內或室外。Calgary建議標示出花園內物種的天性,所使用的殺蟲劑,或入園門票。

社區農園
 
Community garden  Often on public or formerly abandoned land, community gardens allow people to plant and grow their own vegetables and flowers in small plots. People also grow relationships and a close connection to the land/city. Sometimes fenced and locked, gardeners have keys. Sometimes threatened by development. Text should include contact numbers.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

通常位於公共的,或之前廢棄的土地上。社區農園可以讓人們在小塊土地上,種植他們想要的蔬菜、花木。人們因此對這塊土地/城市產生更密切的聯結。有時候農園有圍籬或上鎖,園丁有鑰題可開。有時候社區農園因地區開發而受到威脅。文字說明上應包括聯絡電話。

特別的庭園 Special garden Especially nice.
Along with a diversity of plants, may have a stage, artwork, solar powered water features, nice seating, or other amenities. Publicly assessable and cooperatively run. This Icon can be used to indicate a special garden that, though private, can be easily seen by pedestrians.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

特別優美的庭園。有各式各樣的植物,可能會有舞台、藝術品、太陽能動力的水景設施、雅座或其他舒適的設備。開放給一般民眾,由社區成員合夥管理。這個圖示也使用在一些特別的,即使是私人的,但行人可以很容易看到的花園。

蔬果採摘區/釣魚點
 
Gleaning area/fishing Collect wild food here, including mushrooms, seaweed, berries, fruits, greens. Farms that permit gleaning, even services that pick up party leftovers for food banks. Fishing piers and ponds where the fish is safe to eat (otherwise, indicate restrictions on your Map). Information sources for these areas. Calgary warns us: mapping gleaning areas may result in over-harvesting.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

此處可採集野生食物,包括香菇、海草、莓子、水果、綠色植物等。例如允許採集的農場,甚至是載運宴會剩餘食物到食品銀行的服務工作。還有可以釣魚的碼頭和池子,其中的魚是安全可食用者(否則應在地圖上標示出其限制規定)。也含提供以上地點相關資訊的資源機構。Calgary提出警告:標示採集區有可能造成過度採集或過漁。



/




親水公園 River and water-front parks Places where you can watch, walk along, and play by the water. Water bodies of all types. Swimming and wading may be possible.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

可以在水邊作觀察、散步、遊戲的地方。任何型態的水環境均可,亦可作游泳和涉水活動。

濕地 Wetlands May be on the official protection list. These vitally important areas are wet to some degree a portion of the year. Are important habitats and useful for water cleaning. May be natural, reconstructed or artificial. You may include guidelines for viewing sites, which may be on private land.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

可能列在正式保護區名單內。這些對生命繁衍很重要的地區,在一年中的部分時間,常達到某種潮濕程度。其為重要棲息地,亦利於水之淨化。有可能是自然形成的,重建的,或人工的。你可以加入觀察點的導引路徑(有可能在私人土地上)。

水景 Water feature Could be a beautiful fountain, waterfalls or natural pond. May simply celebrate water or offer a refreshing drink. May be ecologically designed.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

有可能是優美的噴泉、瀑布或天然水池。可以只供遊樂或供飲用,也可能依生態規劃設計。

氣象與水流 Climate and currents May be used to indicate prevailing direction, waterfalls or dramatic water, perhaps difficult currents for canoeists, kayakers or gliders. Can be used in areas with micro-climate, too.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

可以用來指出水流方向,瀑布或富變化的水域,也可能是給划獨木舟、泛舟者的急流。也可用在具有小氣候的地區。

地型/地質景觀  Land form /
Geological feature
Where unusual or typical forms are apparent. May be exposed rock layers, glacial till or have a chasm view. You could discuss how feature was formed. Could be a layer on a GIS map.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

有明顯的不尋常或代表性的特徵。有可能是外露的岩層,冰河磧石、罅隙。你可以進一步討論景觀的成因。可以做成地理資訊系統地圖上的一個圖層。

都會開闊區  Open space Open, natural areas within an urban area or in the developed countryside.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

在都市或已開發的鄉間之自然、開闊區域。

野地及相關資訊 Wilderness site/info Places where nature is still really natural, or information sources on how to experience the wilderness while protecting it.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

依然是十分自然的野地。或是提供如何體驗並保護荒野的資訊來源。

露營地  Camping Areas set aside for sleeping outdoors, using tents or other camping equipment. Care is to be taken not to destroy the surrounding habitat in wilderness areas.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

規劃為野外夜宿地點,使用帳篷或其他露營設備。要注意勿破壞周圍野生動植物的棲息地。

雪地活動 Snow activity Where you can have a great time building snowmen, skating, cross-country skiing, sledding etc., without damaging the environment. Can indicate snowy landscapes that are especially beautiful. Not for use where clearcutting of forests for ski resorts or motorized ski-doos have caused destruction.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

能享受堆雪人、溜冰、越野滑雪、滑橇等活動而不破壞環境的地方。可標示特別美的雪景地。不適用為了建滑雪渡假村而砍光森林,或雪地摩托車等會破壞環境之部份。

好視野  Great views /
scenic vistas
Favorite places to see what makes the cities environment special. Seek suggestions broadly for these sites.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

能欣賞城市環境的好視野地點。應廣泛地請人建議這些地點。

觀星點 Star-gazing site   Dark vantage points that allow unobstructed views of the heavens. May also include planetariums or observatories and best locations for northern lights, meteors, etc.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

無光害、觀星時視野無阻礙的地點。可包括天文台或氣象台,及最佳觀察極光、流星之地點。

日出/日落 Sunset site   Wonderful spots to relax and enjoy the sunset, most likely outdoors. Great sunrise spots can also be marked with this symbol.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

休閒和享受日落的極佳地點,一般都是戶外。看日出的好地點亦可用此標示。


自行車服務  Bicycle site Good place to buy, borrow or rent bicycles, work bikes and other kinds of human-powered vehicles. Organizations and places to find out about bike safety or advocacy. This Icon can used to indicate other kinds of bike-friendly services and sites.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

可以購買、借用、或租用自行車的地方。也包括其他使用人力的交通工具。提倡自行車安全與倡導使用自行車的機構和地方。這個圖示也可用於其他有利於自行車使用的服務和地點。

自行車道
(與機動車輛無隔離)
On road bike paths /
Bridges
These paths are usually painted but are on the same street level as car traffic. You can designate a favorite green scenic route of your own. Use the icon in a line: L L L L

------------------------------------------------------------------------

在地面上油漆標誌出來的,但和機動車道無其他隔離的自行車道。你可以規劃自己最喜歡的綠色景觀路線。使用此圖示時可以用LLLL將其連成一條V(以下幾個圖示依此類推)。

自行車專用道  Separate bike paths /Bridge Separated from cars by curb, barricade, etc. On bridges, often shared with pedestrians. Green Maps can be merged with existing bike/trail/ commuting maps or simply mention good places to obtain these other maps. Use the icon in a line: lllll

------------------------------------------------------------------------

以邊欄或路障(隔離墩)與汽車分隔開來的自行車道。在橋上通常用與人行道共用。綠色生活地圖可以結合現有的自行車/步道交通圖,或只是u明哪些地方可獲得這類地圖。本圖示在文字列中以IIII表示。

自行車停車場 Secure bike parking  Attended parking area, or recommended area with adequate lighting and a bike rack.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

有人看管的停車場,或有適度的燈光和鎖架的建議停車區域。

無障礙設施 Wheelchair accessible There are ramps and rails and other facilities provided for those in wheelchairs. Use this icon to encourage exploration of nature trails and park areas.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

有為輪椅使用設計的坡道、扶手和其它設施。用這個圖示來鼓勵輪椅使用者探索自然步道和公園區域。

最佳步道 Best walks Follow a path around an especially interesting area. Walks can be established or recommended by the Green Map team but should be non-intrusive to sensitive areas. Icon can be used to designate a running path through a natural area. Icons can be used in a line: ] ] ] ]

------------------------------------------------------------------------

順著步道可以環繞特別有趣的區域。步道可以是已經建立的,或由綠色生活地圖工作小組推薦,但不會打擾敏感地區。圖示也可用於標出穿越自然區域的跑步路線。在一行文字中以 ]]]] 表示。

行人徒步區 Pedestrian zone Streets and public areas that prohibit motor vehicles, other auto-free areas, and bridges with safe pedestrian lanes. Access by vehicles may be allowed part time. Use Icon in a line: [[[[[ .

------------------------------------------------------------------------

禁止車輛通行的街道和公共空間,其他無機動車輛的區域,或有安全的人行道的橋面。也可能在有些時間容許車輛進入。在一行文字中以 [[[[ 表示。

公共開放空間 Public square /
Care-free zone
Public open spaces which may have benches, fountain, etc. A traditional urban gathering place, sometimes without cars. Occasionally a public square is located in a garden or park, or indoors in a mall.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

公共的開放空間,其間可能有長椅、噴泉等等。 一個傳統的都市聚會地點,有時候禁止汽車進入。  偶爾公共廣場會位於花園或公園內,或在購物中心裡面。

手划/風帆船 Boat launch site (sail/hp) For human powered boats, like canoes, rowboats or kayaks, or solar powered ones like sailboats. Your Map can mention if a permit is needed, or if there is some other restriction to use freely.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

人力操作的小船,如獨木舟、手划船、皮划艇或像帆船一類的太陽能(風能)動力船。你的地圖上可提到是否需要許可,或者有其他使用上的限制。

渡輪 Ferry  Water-based transport systems for passengers and freight. Can be a very refreshing and efficient way to commute and travel. Can include water-taxis, which run on an as-needed basis.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

運送乘客和貨物的水上交通工具系統。可以是非常有趣及有效率的通勤和旅行方式。可包括水上計程車(有需求時才行駛)。

交通轉運站 Major public transport stop Multi-modal transit hubs served by more than one kind of public transport system, central station or depot for transit passengers. Often have other services available.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

複合交通運輸中心,提供不只一種的大眾運輸系統,中央車站或過境旅客轉乘站。通常也同時具備其他服務。

車站 Local transport stop Subway, bus or trolley stop, etc. Bus stops may be too numerous to map, except in proximity to remote green sites.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

地下鐵、公車或電車車站等。公車站可能太多,不便標示;可以只標出遠距離綠色地點附近的站牌。

輕軌電車 Light rail transit Light rail transit Trolley stop. Transportation by eco-efficient light rail runs through these areas.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

電車站牌。此處可搭乘節約能源的輕軌電車。

停車場和轉乘設施 Park’n’ride facility  Parking lots for cars (or bikes) with a convenient public transport connection. Sometimes Park & Rides are subsidized or free to encourage drivers not to bring their car into the center of the city.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

汽車(或自行車)的停車場並且可以方便地轉乘大眾交通工具。有時後也會以補貼或免費的方式以鼓勵駕駛人不要把車子開入市中心。

環保車輛燃料站 Alternative vehicle /
Fuel station
 Where you can fill your car with compressed natural gas, propane, bio-fuel or hydrogen, or buy bottled fuels. Exchange batteries or fuel cells, and other renewable and ecologically preferred power sources. This Icon can be used at a site where you can buy or research alternative fuel vehicles, and find out more about the true environmental costs of producing these fuels.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

你可以為車子添加壓縮的天然氣、丙烷、生物能源或氫氣,或購買瓶裝的燃料。交換電池或燃料箱,及其他可更新和對生態較有利的動力來源。這個圖示可用來標示你能買、或研究使用替代燃料之車輛的地點,並且找到更多製造這類燃料的真正環境成本的相關資訊。

停車充電設備 Park’n’charge facility Your electric vehicle can be re-charged by solar (or conventional power grid) while parking here.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

你的電動車可以在停車時順便充電。(有些甚至還可能是利用太陽能)








飲用水源 Drinking water sources Indicates the source for your drinking water. May be used to show reservoirs, and major elements of water system. Water purity and conservation information. Icon can be used in a line 1 1 1 1 1 1 to indicate major underground pipelines.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

標示出飲用水水源。可以用來顯示水庫,和供水系統的主要元件。並包括水的純淨度、水源保護資訊,圖示可以用一列 llllll 來表示主要的地下管線。

廢水處理廠 Wastewater treatment plant Generally, municipal systems for treating wastewater and sewage, some with public information centers or tours, which can be noted, with statistics in the text.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

一般是指處理廢水和下水道污水的都市系統,有些具備大眾詢問處或導覽服務,可以用文字和統計數據標示在旁。

資源回收站 Recycling
Drop-off sites for materials that can be reprocessed or refilled. Businesses that buy, work with or sell products made from recycled materials. City program information contacts. Can include good examples of places where recycled materials are in use.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

堆放可以再製造或再回充物資的地方。及那些購買可回收材料,將其加工並銷售此種商品的企業。城市計畫資訊的聯絡處。可以包括使用回收材料處所的代表性範例。


 
廢棄物掩埋場 Landfills Municipal solid waste dumps where garbage and soil are layered together, sometimes in a properly lined landfill (dump) with a methane gas capturing system. When filled, decommissioned landfills are capped and sometimes landscaped.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

都市固態廢棄物傾倒處,採用一層垃圾覆蓋一層土壤的方式堆疊。有時候是使用合適的不透水襯墊、具有甲烷氣體收集系統的掩埋場(垃圾場)。當填滿以後,除役的掩埋場會進行表面覆土,有時並會在上面造景。

固體廢棄物轉運站
 
Solid waste transfer station Where refuse is transferred from one kind transportation to another, for more efficient movement to landfill, recycling processor or other resource/waste facility. Some transfer stations offer places to exchange useful items, separate recyclables or dispose of household toxics.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

為了可以方便運送到掩埋場,回收處理設備或其他資源/廢棄物處理設施,把殘渣從一種交通工具轉換到另一種的作業場所。有些轉運站提供地方作為交換可用物料、分離回收或棄置家庭毒性物質。

焚化爐 Incinerator Solid waste is burned at high temperatures, sometimes capturing the embodied energy (waste-to-fuel). The volume is reduced considerably, but in some countries, the resulting ash is considered hazardous waste, and needs a special landfill. Often, toxics are emitted from the smokestacks as air pollution. Often considered an expensive, unhealthy, inefficient method of disposal. Incinerators at hospitals, crematoriums and large institutions as well as municipal facilities can be mapped.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

固體廢棄物以高溫焚燒,有時可收集內藏能源(廢棄物變燃料),廢棄物體積也會明顯減小,但在某些國家,底灰常被視為有害廢棄物,而需要一個特別的掩埋場。另外,毒素常從煙囪排煙中釋放出來,形成空氣污染。焚化爐經常被認為是昂貴、不健康,及缺乏效率的廢棄物處理方式。醫院、火葬場、其他大型機構和都市設施的焚化爐皆可標示在圖上。

電力設施  Energy grid generating facility Generally, conventional, fossil-fueled, hydro-electric or nuclear facilities that provide electricity to the public. May include utility company or conservation offices. Alternative or co-generation facilities could be mapped. Where does your power come from? How can you use in more wisely?

------------------------------------------------------------------------

一般傳統上由火力、水力或核能發電來提供大眾能源的設施。可以包括電力公司或能源保護辦公室。其它的替代或共生能源設備也可以標示在圖上。你家的能源是從那裡來的?你如何能更聰明有效的使用能源?





凋蔽區 Blight site An area generally destroyed with toxics and other ugliness by uncaring industry and people. Set and state your criteria.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

被不關心環境的工業或人,以有毒物質和其他惡質東西所破壞的區域。要明確的界定並清楚陳述歸類要件。

危險地帶 Danger zone An area that has been tainted by humans or is dangerous by nature and therefore may be hazardous to humans, fauna or flora. Can include active volcanoes, places where you don't want your Map's users to fall victim to crime, etc.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

因人為污染或自然因素,而對人、動物、植物有危險的區域。可以包括活火山,或其他可能對地圖使用者產生危害的地區。

交通危害地段 Traffic hazard zone When the motorized traffic is especially heavy, noisy, polluting and dangerous to pedestrians, bicyclers and nearby residents.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

交通量特別大且產生高噪音、污染,並危及行人、自行車和附近居民的區域。

噪音污染源  Noise pollution source Sometimes difficult to pinpoint, but it has a powerful effect on quality of life. Can come from traffic, industrial sources, airports, quarries, heavy equipment, transportation terminals etc.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

有時難以確切指出,卻會對生活品質產生莫大影響。可能來自於交通、工業、機場、採石場、交通轉運站或其他重機具。

空氣污染源 Air pollution source Anything from industrial smokestacks to truck routes, to poorly-run composting projects can be included here.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

包括工廠煙囪廢氣、交通幹道、或運作不良的堆肥計畫等。

水污染源 Water pollution source Includes things like a specific factory's pollution stream or an inadequate sewage treatment plant. Sometimes, these are "non-point" sources, like where the hydrocarbons wash off paved roads or a farm where animal wastes and/or chemical fertilizers drain off the land into drinking water supplies.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

包括特定工廠排放的廢水、處理不當的污水處理廠。有時候為非點源污染,如:從柏油路面沖刷出含碳氫化合物的水、農場的畜牧廢水及/或化學肥料等,不當排放至飲用水源。

石油/天然氣設施 Oil and natural gas facility Can be a "tank farm" with several large storage containers, or a place where oil is pumped and processed. Where does the energy that powers your lifestyle come from? What are the hazards associated with current practices?

------------------------------------------------------------------------

可能是有幾個大型儲存容器的「儲槽囤區」,或是石油天然氣公司用來抽取和處理油品的地方。供應人們日常生活的電力來自何處?目前生活習慣會導致的污染危險為何?

漏油區
 
Oil spill May be old or recent. Sometimes, the spilled oil comes from an "accident" but can also be a chronic problem along the oil pipelines that feed the energy grid, in re-fueling areas at airports or in a neighborhood where residents refuse to properly dispose of their used motor oil. Certain waterways and industrial areas have frequent problems. Also includes pipeline leaks, trucking and rail accidents as well as gas station spillage.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

可能是舊的或近期的漏油區。有時是「意外」所致,也可能是長期累積下來的問題,像是供應能源網的油管沿線、機場加油區,或是附近居民拒絕適當處理使用過的機油。某些水道系統和工業區經常有此類問題。也包括管線洩漏、卡車和火車事故,或加油站漏油等。

地下儲槽 Underground storage tank
Usually used for oil and gas leaks, for example, a gas station with leaking underground tanks can be an invisible source of pollution. Home fuel oil storage tanks can also be a problem source.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

通常用來表示油和天然氣的儲存槽洩漏。例如:有地下儲槽洩漏的加油站可能變成看不到的污染源。家庭用的儲油槽也可能是問題的來源之一。

公告污染場址 Officially listed contaminated site These sites are on the government's official priority "clean-up" list, like the USA's Superfund list. Can be used for severely polluted sites, even in countries without an official list. In some countries, these sites must be cleaned up by industry.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

這些是列在政府公告優先進行「污染整治」名單上的場址,就像美國超級基金的名單。甚至在沒有公告名單的國家,也可以用在嚴重污染的場址。在某些國家,這些場址一定要由原製造業來負責清理。

有毒化學物質儲存區 Toxic chemicals storage Where large quantities of toxic chemicals are stored in an approved manner, prior to industrial or other use. Often reported to the government, where records can be obtained (though you might have to file a special request for the information). In some countries, this information is available on the web, current and up to date.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

大量將要做為工業或其他用途的有毒化學物質,以經過政府認可的方式儲存的場所。通常會向政府申報,故可以從政府單位取得相關紀錄(不果你也許須提出索取資訊的特別要求)。在有些國家,這類資訊會公佈在網路上並定期更新。

有毒化學物質排放地點 Toxic chemicals release  May have been an acute one-time event, or a chronic "business as usual" problem at an industrial or infrastructure site. May be from a neighborhood businesses, like a dry cleaning plant or coal-burning school furnace not generally recognized as problems. Usually, residents in the area are very interested in knowing what's going on "in their backyard", and then taking action. In some countries, this information is available on the web, current and up to date. You can identify a historic release (be sure to note it properly).

------------------------------------------------------------------------

可能是緊急的單一事件,或工業及公共建設長期的「例行作業」問題。也可能是居家附近的商家,譬如乾洗店或學校煤油爐等;這些一般常被忽視的來源。通常附近居民對知悉「自家後院」所發生的事都具有高度興趣,且會採取抵制行動。在有些國家,這類資訊會公佈在網路上並定期更新。你可以指出歷史上有紀錄的排放地點(但要做適當的注解)。

有害廢棄物產生源 Hazardous waste generator Often industrial or infrastructure-related sources of waste that need special handling and disposal. You can elect to show those on a governmental list. Calgary points out that it is difficult to define limits to criteria. Could be broad range - dry cleaners, hospitals, universities, military sites, photo labs, etc.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

需要特殊處理及處置的廢棄物產生源,通常是工業或公共建設相關事業。你可以從政府管制清單中選擇。Calgary地方經驗指出,要界定選取標準是很困難的。範圍可以很廣-乾洗業、醫院、大學、軍事區、相片沖洗業…等。

有害廢棄物處理設施 Hazardous waste facility Collectors, transporters and recyclers of hazardous materials, including industrial chemicals as well as household hazardous wastes like pesticides, oil paints, batteries, some cleaning supplies, etc.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

有害物料的收集裝置、運輸裝置及回收裝置,包括工業用化學藥品以及家庭有害廢棄物,如殺蟲劑、油漆、電池,和某些清潔用品等。

非法垃圾場 Waste dump  Illegal, improperly lined and maintained place where garbage is dumped. Older dumps can be a source of hazardous drainage.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

非法且沒有妥善隔離襯墊及維護的垃圾傾倒場所。老的垃圾場可能成為排放有害廢水的來源。

礦場 Mining site May not be currently in use, but the effects may still be felt. Some cities are built directly on top of mines and quarries. Indicate what is being mined: coal, salt, etc.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

可能目前沒有在運作,但影響仍在。如某些城市是直接建立在礦山、採石場之上。指出原開採礦藏的種類:煤、鹽…等。

核能設施及核廢料  Nuclear facility and waste Possible sources of radiation leaks and radioactive wastes. May be destination points for trucks and trains carrying radioactive materials, military, health and research facilities. It might be of interest to note the percentage of electricity that comes from nuclear power plants in your area.

------------------------------------------------------------------------

可能的輻射洩漏及放射性廢料的主要來源。也許是載運放射性物質的卡車或火車的目的地,例如軍用、醫療及研究設施。發現你住的區域有多少比例的電力是來自核能發電廠,也是很有意思的。你也許會有興趣在此註明…

綠色生活地圖(Green Map®)圖示與商標版權由美國Green Map System, Inc. 2003註冊,版權所有。
請上網 (http://GreenMap.org 或 www.sow.org.tw) 註冊成為正式認可的綠色生活地圖 Green Map®,並加入全球綠色生活地圖平台。

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Register with GreenMap.org to join the global Green Map network and to make an official Green Map®.
Green Map® Icons and Logo copyright Green Map System, Inc. 2003. All rights reserved.

資料與圖片來源:台達電綠活圖